Monthly Archives: July 2011

Nuclear Energy Nuclear News Nuclear R&D

Canadian Nuclear Attitude Survey

One month after the earthquake and tsunami struck northeastern Japan, the Canadian Nuclear Association commissioned a professional, Canada-wide opinion poll to gain insight into what Canadians are thinking about nuclear.

The results are mixed – as was expected after a large event like the Fukushima accident in March 2011. But we did hear about the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for our industry. For example, we learned that while Canadians were paying close attention to Fukushima and were concerned about its Canadian implications, Canadian operators and regulators were seen to be taking the issue seriously.

Since the tragedy, the nuclear industry – at home and around the world – has been working to share valuable lessons learned from the tragedy to ensure safety standards and policies reflect current findings. To date we have:

  • Participated  as a nuclear community to review and respond to the situation in Japan. Ontario Power Generation’s (OPG) CEO – Tom Mitchell – was appointed by The World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) to chair a special 14-member, “Post-Fukushima” commission to review the lessons of this event and develop recommendations on an appropriate industry response;
  • Outlined to the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) a series of actions to verify the safety of our nuclear generating stations; and
  • Been in regular communication with nuclear organizations around the world and has launched extensive fact-based communication initiatives to keep Canadians informed and assured about the safety our own nuclear facilities.

In addition, OPG released a preliminary report to the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) on lessons learned to date from the Fukushima event. Their overall conclusion is that OPG’s nuclear plant systems are robust enough to withstand significant emergencies. They looked carefully at Japan and identified opportunities where our industry can further improve. For example, they saw that irradiated fuel bays were an issue in Japan. They caught fire. OPG confirmed that its fuel bays would not experience such a failure.

Nevertheless, our industry is  looking at ways to address even the most improbable events – like major flooding and major earthquakes and ensuing emergencies in their aftermath. We will continue to be open and transparent about our safety measures.  We are also broadening the sharing of information and expertise with the rest of the industry worldwide – and continuing to support organizations like WANO, which are also dedicated to this goal. The nuclear energy industry is an international community with a shared body of professional expertise and operating experience. The more members share and communicate, the safer and more efficient our operations become.

Immediately following events in Japan, the Governments of Ontario and Saskatchewan both reiterated their commitments to nuclear energy and research. In fact, the Joint Review Panel for the Darlington New Nuclear Project took place in March and April 2011. The CNA was proud to be a positive intervener at the hearings to remind the Panel about our industry’s strong record of safety, and the many social and economic benefits the project will bring to both Ontario and Canada. During the hearings, more than 120 oral and written submissions were made in support of the project. Most of these came from the local community.

Here are additional highlights from the polling:

Support for nuclear declined post-Fukushima. National support for nuclear energy in general fell from 48% in January 2009, to 43% in August 2009 and March 2010, to 38% in April 2011.

There is strong support for nuclear research and development in all regions (even in Quebec – 55%) and at all income levels.

Opinion continues to be regionally polarized:  support for nuclear energy is 53% in Ontario versus 17% in Quebec.  Ontario support has held up fairly well post-Fukushima. After Ontario, the region most supportive of nuclear energy is Alberta (46% favourable).

  • 63% think Canadian nuclear is “among safest in the world”
  • 60% think it is “available and reliable”
  • 55% think nuclear is “clean” and “brings benefits to all Canadians”
Q: Now I am going to read some statements about nuclear energy. Please tell me if you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree or strongly disagree with the following statements:

Over two-thirds think nuclear plant companies are taking the events in Fukushima seriously

Q: From what you have read, seen or heard, how seriously do you think the companies that operate Canadian nuclear power plants are taking the issue of the safety of nuclear power generation in Canada?

Almost three-quarters agree regulatory agencies take nuclear safety seriously

Q: And from what you have read, seen or heard, how seriously do you think the government agencies that regulate Canadian nuclear power plants are taking the issue of the safety of nuclear power generation in Canada?

Just over half support upgrading and refurbishing existing nuclear plants

Q: Many large power-generating plants in Canada with various fuel sources will have to be replaced over the next 10 to 15 years because they are aging. In Ontario 80% of the plants will have to be replaced. In order to help meet Canada’s future electricity demand, would you strongly support, somewhat support, somewhat oppose or strongly oppose.

Polling was conducted by Innovative Research Group, Inc.

Nuclear Education Nuclear Pride

Happy Canada Day from the Proudly Canadian Nuclear Association!

Image Credit: Nuclear FAQ by Dr. Jeremy Whitlock

On a day of national pride, we here at TalkNuclear are blowing the horn for nuclear!

Take a look at the timeline below for a glimpse into Canada’s history with nuclear technology. It’s an impressive history of innovations that have led to:

  • safe, reliable energy production (15% of Canada’s electricity is nuclear generated,55% in Ontario);
  • a clean-burning power source that emits virtually no greenhouse gasses that cause smog or contribute to global warming;
  • life-saving contributions in health care such as medical isotopes for sterilization and disease diagnosis and treatment;
  • improved food safety thanks to food irradiation which helps prolong the shelf life of food by killing bacteria such as E-Coli;
  • general safety improvements in other industries such as the automobile, aircraft, mining, aluminum and construction which rely on radioactive materials in their daily operations.

A trip down memory lane. Check out this 1953 vintage CBC video looking inside the “colbalt bomb,” which is a nickname for the  cobalt beam therapy unit designed at AECL. It was called “one of the best ways that physicians and scientists have yet found to combat cancer.”

Shout-out to CANDU technology

Click the image for details.

Did you know the global fleet of CANDU and CANDU-derived reactors currently includes 50 reactors. CANDU stands for “CANada Deuterium Uranium.” It’s a Canadian-designed power reactor of PHWR type (Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor) that uses heavy water (deuterium oxide) for moderator and coolant, and natural uranium for fuel.

On behalf of Canada’s nuclear community, Happy Canada Day!